Examples of alternatives to copying parts of a published work that do or may fall outside fair dealing guidelines:
1. Put the entire book, DVD, or journal issue on reserve in the library.
2. In a site restricted to members of your class, create electronic links to full text articles available either freely on the web (e.g. Open Access or Creative Commons licenses) or through one of the databases subscribed to by the library, as long as the terms and conditions of the agreement with the database provider (e.g. EBSCO, Proquest, JSTOR) allow such use of the articles.
Here is a link to a short post from copyrightlaws.com that talks about using images found through search engines. The basic premise is that you should start with the assumption that any image you find online will likely be protected by copyright. The post then gives a few tips on using images found through search engines. The process will become easier over time as you become more familiar with resources, and you are more likely to prevent some serious headaches if someone is aware you are using their material without permission.
When the nature or the extent of copying that you wish to do falls outside of "fair dealing", the onus is on faculty to obtain permission from the copyright holder and to maintain records of those permissions. Otherwise, you may be held personally liable and subject to the civil and criminal remedies outlined in the Copyright Act.
The first step in obtaining permission is to determine who holds copyright on the work. Check the item for this information:
Once you have established who holds copyright, you should either fill out a copyright permissions request form on the publisher website if provided (see links) or write a letter to the copyright owner or publisher (attention: permissions), requesting permission to use the material (see templates). Your letter should include the following information:
If you receive permission to copy the material, keep a copy of the letter, fax or form granting permission for your records. You should also ensure that your copies include a statement regarding the holder of copyright and the fact that you obtained permission for the specific use.
This Copyright Permissions Flowchart summarizes the legislated requirements for copying as outlined by Fair Dealing and the Canadian Copyright Act. The flowchart and the accompanying Copyright Permissions Documentation Process document outlines the processes of how and when to obtain permissions for copyright material including where to store those permissions upon receipt. It is recommended to use this flowchart in conjunction with the information available in this guide. Please note on this page, publisher permission request forms, permission letter templates and details on the information required by publishers and copyright holders when requesting permissions.
Some publishers provide convenient online forms for requesting permissions. If you approach a publisher for permission to copy and they in turn refer you to Access Copyright for permissions, you will be unable to use those materials and will need to seek out alternative resources or use materials according to the exceptions for educational institutions as outlined in the Copyright Act of Canada.
There are a number of copyright collective societies in Canada who administer the rights of copyright owners for materials such as music, television and radio, videos, etc. Collectives can grant permission to use their works and set the conditions for that use. Some collective societies are affiliated with foreign societies which allows them to represent foreign copyright owners as well.